Australian Rental Car Insurance - Demystified


So you're planning a self-drive trip around Australia - congratulations! This is one of the greatest ways to enjoy our wonderful country at your own pace. See what you want to see when you want to see it! 

It is important to know the 'Ins & Outs' of Australian Car Hire Insurance / Rental Cover

Most likely, your trip will be smooth and hassle-free if you're driving carefully. Occasionally accidents and breakdowns do happen though, and you want to feel confident that you'll be able to meet any costs incurred if they do. That's where insurance comes in. While there's no one-size-fits-all rental car insurance advice that works for everyone, we'll break down the basics for you here and explain some common terms to help you decide what works best for you.

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Our Number One Piece Of Advice - Read the Fine Print!

When you buy something online, have you ever checked the "I have read the terms and conditions" box without actually reading anything? Most of us have probably done this at some stage, and it's usually fine.

Rental car insurance contracts can vary widely between companies - don't assume they all cover the same inclusions and conditions. Even if you frequently rent vehicles in your home country, insurance processes in Australia might be very different. You could end up assuming you're covered for something that isn't included. Conversely, you could end up paying for extra coverage that you don't need. All major rental car companies will display their terms and conditions on their website, so you can check through them before you buy.

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Important terms

You will probably see a few terms that you haven't come across before if you have never rented a car in Australia. Here are some important ones:


What it is: RHCA (Reciprocal Health Care Agreement with Australia) If you are a resident of a country with a Reciprocal Health Care Agreement with Australia, then you are covered for medically necessary care when you visit Australia.

What it does: Under the RHCA scheme, you may be entitled to limited Medicare benefits. Benefits are only for basic medical services or only for emergency treatment and only under certain conditions. Many items such as ambulance, dental work, subsidised medicines, and private patient hospital costs or other ancillary/extras cover or services are not covered.

RHCA Member Countries 

Belgium    Netherlands    Slovenia     
FinlandNew ZealandSweden
Italy NorwayEngland

Excess (deductible)

What it is: If you're from the USA, you may be familiar with the term "deductible", meaning the amount of money you pay before your insurance company begins to cover your costs when you need to make a claim. In Australia, a deductible is known as an excess.

What it does: Let's imagine your rental car agreement provides insurance with a $1000 excess. The car gets dented during your trip, and it will cost $2500 to repair. As long as the terms and conditions on your rental agreement have been met (more on this later), you will only need to pay $1000 towards the repair bill, and the rental company will pay the remaining $1500.

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Collision Damage Waiver (CDW) or Loss Damage Waiver (LDW)

What it is: In Australia, it is mandatory for rental car agencies to include basic insurance as part of your hire fee. Generally this includes protection for your vehicle against collision and theft - the terms and conditions of your rental agreement will give you more details.

There will usually be an excess, as mentioned above. What if you don't want to have to pay an excess of several thousand dollars? That's where the Collision Damage Waiver (CDW) or Loss Damage Waiver (LDW) comes in.

The CDW or LDW is a waiver between you and the insurance company, usually in the form of an extra daily fee. If you pay the extra daily fee, the insurance company waives their right to charge some or all of the excess fee.

What it does: If the excess is $1500, and you're hiring the car at a cost of $50 per day, the rental company might offer to waive the whole excess if you pay an extra $10 fee per day. Or they might offer to reduce the excess from $1500 to $300 if you pay an extra $5 fee per day on top of your hire rate.

Bond or Deposit

What it is: To ensure that you are able to pay for possible vehicle damage, many companies will seek assurance that you have funds to pay your excess fee before they will give you the keys to the car. This is usually in the form of a credit card bond or deposit payment. The bond amount is usually equal to the amount of the excess fee on your contract.

What it does: When you pick up your car, some companies merely keep a copy of your credit card details on file and only use them if damage occurs. Some companies put a "hold" on your credit card for the full excess amount. Some charge you the full amount as a deposit and refund it to you at the end of the rental period.

If the excess fee on your contract is $1500, you would lose access to $1500 on your credit card until the car is returned undamaged.
If you choose to pay the extra daily fee for the CDW / LDW waiver, the bond amount may be reduced accordingly.

For example, if you pay for your excess (deductible) to be reduced from $1500 to $0, your bond payment may also be reduced from $1500 to $0.
To avoid unwelcome surprises when you pick up your car it's definitely worth checking the terms and conditions before you travel to find out how your rental company handles the bond/deposit process.

Learn more about credit cards, money matters, and paying for goods & services in Australia

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Australian Rental Car Insurance - The Basics

We mentioned earlier that Australian car rental companies must include basic motor vehicle insurance in their daily rate. You'll need to check your rental agreement to find out precisely what this includes, but it's likely to cover:

  • Damage to the vehicle and any towing costs
  • Damage to a third party's vehicle and property
  • Theft or vandalism of the vehicle
  • Loss of use (money lost by the rental company because the car can't be used for other clients while damage is being repaired)

But - and this is a big but - if you don't look after the car responsibly, it may invalidate your insurance, and the company will have the right to refuse to pay. Check out the Hirer's Obligations, Insurance Exclusions, and Vehicle Use sections of the rental agreement, you might find some of these examples:

  • Driving on unsealed roads
  • Committing a traffic violation such as running a red light
  • Driving under the influence
  • Running out of fuel
  • Taking the car on a ferry without permission
  • Night-time driving in certain areas in winter
  • Forgetting to lock the vehicle when unattended

Seeing all the exclusions can be frustrating, but most of them are common sense, and there's usually a good reason for them - for instance, icy mountain roads can be genuinely treacherous at night so it's much safer to use them during the day.

On the bright side, you can view the exclusions as a comprehensive guide to avoiding the most common causes of accidents on the road - they'll teach you a lot about the best ways to stay safe.

Read our guide to travelling safely in Australia


Injury - Some of it may already be covered.

As we've mentioned previously If you are a citizen of a country that has an RHCA (Reciprocal Health Care Agreement with Australia)  you may be eligible for medical costs if you are injured in an accident within Australia.

RHCA does have limits - it only covers treatment while you are within Australia, not ongoing treatment after you have left the country. You would need travel insurance to cover ongoing medical care if needed when you return home.

You can read more about the Australian Healthcare Service here.

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Common Questions

Can I choose my own insurance instead of the rental company's?

Some companies allow you to do this, but they may ask you to arrange it a few weeks in advance and send them the policy - they can refuse or cancel the rental if they feel your cover isn't adequate, so be sure to discuss it with them as early as possible.

I have travel insurance, won't this cover me for everything?

It's worth checking your travel insurance contract - many will cover the excess fee if you have a mishap on the road. However, your rental car company has a contract with you, not with your travel insurance provider. So if an incident occurs you will need to pay the excess fee to rental company first, and then claim back the cost on your travel insurance later.

If you can afford to pay your excess upfront and wait until later for reimbursement, travel insurance might be enough peace of mind for you. If not, you might want to consider the CDW/LDW offered by the rental company for extra peace of mind.

I have insurance with my credit card provider, won't that protect me?

It depends entirely on the credit card provider. Some have a clause stating that their car rental cover is not valid in Australia, so be sure to check with them first. This is because some credit card providers require you to waive all other insurance if you want to rely on theirs. This may not be possible in Australia as you may have an automatic RHCA and basic insurance built into the rental contract.

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In Summary - our top suggestions for peace of mind


Pricing terms

The price is based on current exchange rates but is only an approximation. Please contact us for a final price